Log In | Contact Us| View Cart (0)
Browse: Collections Digital Content Subjects Creators Record Groups

The Anitec Collection

Overview

Abstract

Scope and Contents

Detailed Description

Photographs

Research and Business Papers

Anitec Research Library



Contact us about this collection

The Anitec Collection, 1842-1990 | Binghamton University Libraries

By Beth Turcy Kilmarx

Printer-friendly Printer-friendly | Email Us Contact Us About This Collection

Collection Overview

Title: The Anitec Collection, 1842-1990Add to your cart.

Predominant Dates:1943-1990

Primary Creator: The Anitec Corporation (1842-1999)

Extent: 69.0 Linear Feet. More info below.

Arrangement:

There are three series in The Anitec Collection.

Series 1: Photographs (Boxes 1-9).

Series 2: Research and Business Papers (Boxes 10-32, 35-36, 38-40, and 42-46).

Series 3: Anitec Research Library (Boxes 33-34, 37, and 41).

Date Acquired: 00/00/2000

Subjects: Anitec, Anitec Image, Ansco Company -- History, Binghamton (N.Y.) -- History, Buildings, GAF Corporation, General Aniline & Film Corporation. Division of Ozalid, International Paper Company, Photographic industry -- United States -- History, Photography -- United States -- History

Forms of Material: Awards, Black-and-White Photographs, Clippings (information artifacts), Contracts, Laboratory notes, Memorandums, Notebooks, Notes, Patents, Photograph albums, Photographs, Press releases, Reports, Slides (photographs), Typescripts

Languages: English, French, German

Abstract

Anitec Image Technology Corporation, was a US based manufacturer of graphic arts materials.  It started in 1842, and ws originally named the Ansco Company.  Ansco was the brand name of a photographic company based in Binghamton, New York, which produced photographic films, papers and cameras from the mid-1800s until the 1980s.  It assumed ownership of GAF at their Binghamton site, in 1981. In September 1987, the International Paper Company acquired Anitec in a stock swap valued at almost $300 million. In 1989, Ciba-Geigy sold Ilford Ltd to The International Paper Company. The two groups merged to become Ilford Anitec in 1990.

Kodak Polychrome Graphics LLC acquired the Anitec operations from International Paper during February 1998 and subsequently closed operations at the Binghamton facility. International Paper, who had retained ownership of the site itself, transferred title of the property to Sound Properties, LLC during December 1999. During February 2000, Brandenburg Industrial Services Co. of Chicago, Illinois began the process of demolishing all above and below ground structures.

Scope and Contents of the Materials

The materials in the Anitec collection were salvaged from one of the company’s buildings shortly before it was demolished.  The first series, Photographs, consists of hundreds of black and white photographs contained in large black bindings. The photographs are of several former Anitec buildings, both internal and external building images, for insurance purposes.  The second series, Anitec Research and Business Papers, consists of papers, notebooks and correspondence of the testing and the tests results of different types of Anitec products. The third series, The Anitec Library, contains monographs, journals, articles, and papers that were once housed in the Anitec Library.  The books have bee catalogued, and are housed either in the Special Collections department or in other locations in the Binghamton University Libraries' system.

Collection Historical Note

Ansco was the brand name of a photographic company based in Binghamton, New York, which produced photographic films, papers and cameras from the mid-1800s until the 1980s.

The company was founded in 1842 (pre-dating Kodak in the photography business) as E. Anthony & Co. (later E. and H. T. Anthony & Company, when Edward Anthony's brother officially joined the business) and became the Anthony & Scovill Co. in 1901, after a merger with the camera business of Scovill Manufacturing (Connecticut), founded by James Mitchell Lamson Scovill and William Henry Scovill. That year the company headquarters relocated to Binghamton, New York. This was already a site of one of Ansco's photographic paper manufacturing facilities. Just after that, in 1905 it settled a landmark patent infringement case against Eastman Kodak, which had been violating the Goodwin flexible film patent (Hannibal Goodwin of Newark, New Jersey) held by Ansco. The settlement received from Eastman Kodak was very small compared to the damage done to Ansco, which already financial problems as a result of business had lost to Eastman Kodak.

In the late 1880s ANSCO's predecessor, Anthony and Scovill, bought the Goodwin Camera & Film Company. Hannibal Goodwin invented the flexible photographic film, which should have made Anthony Scovill the leader in the amateur photography business. But George Eastman copied the patented process and immediately set out to compete against Anthony Scovill. The ruthless behavior of Eastman nearly drove the now named ANSCO out of business, but a settlement in 1905 saved the company from bankruptcy. Eastman Kodak got away cheaply on this legal proceeding.

In 1928 Ansco merged with the German photo company Agfa to form a corporation named Agfa-Ansco.  This mergers allowed Agfa to compete in the worldwide photographic market like its competitors, Kodak and Zeiss. . Later that year that firm and other German-owned chemical firms were merged into a Swiss holding company, Internationale Gesellschaft für Chemische Unternehmungen AG or Chemie, that was controlled by Germany's chemical industry conglomerate, IG Farben. In 1929 the parent corporation's name was changed to American IG Chemical Corporation or American IG, later renamed General Aniline & Film, which continued to produce cameras under the Agfa-Ansco name.

During the period before the U. S. entrance into World War II, the Agfa-Ansco business grew enormously, with added manufacturing capacity in paper, film and camera manufacturing. The Agfa-Ansco interests in the U. S. and Binghamton factory were taken over by the U. S. government in 1941 due to its ties with Germany. The Ansco Company was merged with General Aniline as General Aniline & Film in 1939.

Prior to the war, Agfa-Ansco had marketed Agfacolor film made in Germany. To assist the war effort, the company experts used available information to develop a similar product, first called Ansco Color, later Anscochrome. After the war, Anscochrome was widely distributed, but met with limited commercial success in competition with Kodak products. An important marketing feature was its greater speed in comparison to Kodachrome. A second advantage was that users, professional or amateur, could process the film in their own darkrooms rather than having to send it away (as with Kodachrome) or use cumbersome re-exposure steps as with Kodak Ektachrome.

In the months after the bombing of Pearl Harbor (in WW2, December 1941), the US Government seized Agfa-Ansco. At that time, a new headquarters was constructed in Vestal, New York, adjacent to the new college campus of Harpur College (now Binghamton University). This location is the only remaining evidence of Ansco in the Binghamton area, and is currently occupied by the University.  Throughout the postwar period the concern sold rebadged versions of cameras made by other manufacturers, including Agfa and Chinon. A Minolta-built Ansco model was the first 35 mm camera in space and their film was used in space, too.  The business continued to survive, but as a hostile alien property (under government control) into the 1960s.  This company was the last business to be sold as enemy assets to American interests in the 1960s.

During this period, the organization was renamed GAF (General Aniline & Film Corporation). GAF operated the Binghamton facility from 1942 to 1981.  A variety of cameras as well as films were sold under this name until the business was shut down in the early 1980s.  Anitec Image Technology Corporation, a US based manufacturer of graphic arts materials took over GAF at their Binghamton site, in 1981. In September 1987, the International Paper Company acquired Anitec in a stock swap valued at almost $300 million. In 1989, Ciba-Geigy sold Ilford Ltd to The International Paper Company. The two groups merged to become Ilford Anitec in 1990.

Briefly in the 1970s, it was the official film of Disneyland and at this time, actor Henry Fonda served as the company's spokesman in television commercials including one that featured Jodie Foster in her first acting role. The last Ansco cameras were produced in the early 1990s by a Hong Kong business that bought the rights to the name.

Kodak Polychrome Graphics LLC acquired the Anitec operations from International Paper during February 1998 and subsequently closed operations at the Binghamton facility. International Paper, who had retained ownership of the site itself, transferred title of the property to Sound Properties, LLC during December 1999. During February 2000, Brandenburg Industrial Services Co. of Chicago, Illinois began the process of demolishing all above and below ground structures.

From Wikipedia

Subject/Index Terms

Anitec
Anitec Image
Ansco Company -- History
Binghamton (N.Y.) -- History
Buildings
GAF Corporation
General Aniline & Film Corporation. Division of Ozalid
International Paper Company
Photographic industry -- United States -- History
Photography -- United States -- History


Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Photographs],
[Series 2: Research and Business Papers],
[Series 3: Anitec Research Library],
[All]

Series 3: Anitec Research LibraryAdd to your cart.
Box 33Add to your cart.
Item 41: ResearchAdd to your cart.
27 Notebooks from Kaszuba, Mueller, Sweet, Zappert; 2 steno pads, 1 emulsion binder stamped" CONFIDENTIAL COMPANY SECRET
Languages: ANSCO Laboratory work notebooks, steno pads, Emulsion binder
Notes: English
Box 34Add to your cart.
Item 42: Business & Research, 1983 - 1988Add to your cart.
Contents: Conference materials, professional laboratory brochures, microscopy research files
Languages: English
Notes: From a cabinet drawer labeled "CONTAMINATION"
Box 37Add to your cart.
Item 45: ANSCO Library, 1940sAdd to your cart.
Folders PB 7000 - 97497
Contents: Office of the Publication Board Reports
Languages: English, German
Notes: Declassified and released by War & Navy Dept
Box 41Add to your cart.
Item 49: ANSCO Library, 1938 - 1967Add to your cart.
Folders SA - Z, conference files
Languages: Publications, reprints, reports
Notes: English, German

Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Photographs],
[Series 2: Research and Business Papers],
[Series 3: Anitec Research Library],
[All]


Copyright © 2014 Binghamton University, State University of New York